Cellular Protein Excretion

Cataloging cancer and pathogen biomarker patterns
Detection of chemical excretion through cellular membrane used for object identification
“Both myoglobin and creatine kinase could be detected independently using cantilevers functionalized with the corresponding antibodies, in unspecific protein background.” (Arntz, 2002)
This shows the physical deflection of a nanomechanical cantilever sensor when in contact with specific proteins. These sensors are expected to be used in the nano-robotics. (Dr. Hans Peter Lang, 2006)